Shipping without crude oil

Just right now, shipping uses 7,29 Million barrel a day. Depending on size and required range, 0 oil consumption will be achieved by hydrogen, methanol or lithium batteries.





  Adjustment by size and range


  Up to 500 km More than 500 km
Up to 1000 tons Lithium batteries Methanol ICE
More than 1000 tons Lithium batteries Liquid hydrogen

  Reduction of shipping


Less crude oil transports necessary. Extension of land connection. A railway with electric power from the aerial cable is much more efficient than the loose chain electrolysis, liquefaction, propulsion.

  Solar hydrogen compared to heavy oil


US$ oil price per barrel
US$ price per kWh solar electric power in very sunny regions
kWh electric power to bring 1 kWh hydrogen into the ships tank.
% price surcharge for more expensive ship propulsion system
% less energy demand for shipping
US$ price difference for 1 MWh fuel
Billion US$ yearly more expenses for shipping
Politics - political targets of PEGE Politics - political targets of PEGE
Nonpolitical, pragmatic, on the other side of ideologies counts in our politic only one target: A long time lasting civilization able to develop further on a stable base.


Philosophy Philosophy
Long-term planning and stability have to be the guiding rules of politics. A philosophy based on the mathematic branch of games theory.


Living standard
What is living standard? How is living standard correctly measured? Is it possible, that our living standard declines drastic, while uncorrect numbers want to make us belive it's like paradise?


Taxes tax politics
The consequences of the tax politic for humans and environment. The politicians claim to fight for humans and the environment, but the tax politics shows the exact opposit.


Energy politic
Decades of wrong energy politic. Instead of more living standard with less energy usage, partial the contrary was reached. A result of the wrong tax politic.




  Oil exit


Take demand pressure out of the oil market, slow down the increase of the oil price, more is at -4% less oil production per year short-term not possible. Change to a world without crude oil.

Financing the oil exit
In the agriculture are subventions for no production usual to stop price decay by over producion. Exactly the opposit is necessary is for the to small offer of the oil market.


Being poor is expensive
Because of lack of trust from the bank, a poor can not finance profitable improvements and has to spent excessively money for obsolete technology.


Main task credits
Credit quarantees and interest support will be the main task of the organization for oil exit. The interest support will be a main part of the budget.


Negligence in oil exit: 2 times BAWAG harm per day
We will have a legal proceeding with a unbelievable high amount of harm. Just right now, the BAWAG case about speculation upset Austria, but this had been peanuts.


Omission resulting in death Omission resulting in death
The omission to follow the IEA study about measures against a fast increasing oil price can be fast much more than only an economic damage.




          Shipping without crude oil: Just right now, shipping uses 7,29 Million barrel a day. Depending on size and required range, 0 oil consumption will be achieved by hydrogen, methanol or lithium batteries. https://politics.pege.org/2008-oil-exit/shipping.htm

Context description:  crude oil exit
politics political