Shipping without crude oil

Just right now, shipping uses 7,29 Million barrel a day. Depending on size and required range, 0 oil consumption will be achieved by hydrogen, methanol or lithium batteries.

  Adjustment by size and range

  Up to 500 km More than 500 km
Up to 1000 tons Lithium batteries Methanol ICE
More than 1000 tons Lithium batteries Liquid hydrogen

  Reduction of shipping

Less crude oil transports necessary. Extension of land connection. A railway with electric power from the aerial cable is much more efficient than the loose chain electrolysis, liquefaction, propulsion.

  Solar hydrogen compared to heavy oil

US$ oil price per barrel
US$ price per kWh solar electric power in very sunny regions
kWh electric power to bring 1 kWh hydrogen into the ships tank.
% price surcharge for more expensive ship propulsion system
% less energy demand for shipping
US$ price difference for 1 MWh fuel
Billion US$ yearly more expenses for shipping
Crude oil politics and the urgent exit from crude oil
How many times has the cycle oil price explosion recession to take place, until politics and economy realize, that a stable economy is only possible with renewable energy.

  Oil exit

Take demand pressure out of the oil market, slow down the increase of the oil price, more is at -4% less oil production per year short-term not possible. Change to a world without crude oil.

Financing the oil exit
In the agriculture are subventions for no production usual to stop price decay by over producion. Exactly the opposit is necessary is for the to small offer of the oil market.

Being poor is expensive
Because of lack of trust from the bank, a poor can not finance profitable improvements and has to spent excessively money for obsolete technology.

Main task credits
Credit quarantees and interest support will be the main task of the organization for oil exit. The interest support will be a main part of the budget.

Negligence in oil exit: 2 times BAWAG harm per day
We will have a legal proceeding with a unbelievable high amount of harm. Just right now, the BAWAG case about speculation upset Austria, but this had been peanuts.

Omission resulting in death Omission resulting in death
The omission to follow the IEA study about measures against a fast increasing oil price can be fast much more than only an economic damage.

Context description:  crude oil exit
politics political