Shipping without crude oil

Just right now, shipping uses 7,29 Million barrel a day. Depending on size and required range, 0 oil consumption will be achieved by hydrogen, methanol or lithium batteries.

  Adjustment by size and range

  Up to 500 km More than 500 km
Up to 1000 tons Lithium batteries Methanol ICE
More than 1000 tons Lithium batteries Liquid hydrogen

  Reduction of shipping

Less crude oil transports necessary. Extension of land connection. A railway with electric power from the aerial cable is much more efficient than the loose chain electrolysis, liquefaction, propulsion.

  Solar hydrogen compared to heavy oil

US$ oil price per barrel
US$ price per kWh solar electric power in very sunny regions
kWh electric power to bring 1 kWh hydrogen into the ships tank.
% price surcharge for more expensive ship propulsion system
% less energy demand for shipping
US$ price difference for 1 MWh fuel
Billion US$ yearly more expenses for shipping
Crude oil politics and the urgent exit from crude oil
How many times has the cycle oil price explosion recession to take place, until politics and economy realize, that a stable economy is only possible with renewable energy.

Context description:  crude oil exit
politics political